PostgreSQL Column Alias

 

PostgreSQL Column Alias



Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn about PostgreSQL column aliases and how to use column aliases to assign temporary names to columns in queries.

Introduction to the PostgreSQL column aliases

A column alias allows you to assign a column or an expression in the select list of a SELECT statement a temporary name. The column alias exists temporarily during the execution of the query.

The following illustrates the syntax of using a column alias:

SELECT column_name AS alias_name FROM table_name;

In this syntax, the column_name is assigned an alias alias_name. The AS the keyword is optional so you can omit it like this:

SELECT column_name alias_name FROM table_name;

The following syntax illustrates how to set an alias for an expression in the SELECT clause:

SELECT expression AS alias_name FROM table_name;

The main purpose of column aliases is to make the headings of the output of a query more meaningful.

PostgreSQL column alias examples

We’ll use the customer table from the sample database to show you how to work with column aliases.

1) Assigning a column alias to a column example

The following query returns the first names and last names of all customers from the customer table:

SELECT first_name, last_name FROM customer;

If you want to rename the last_name heading, you can assign it a new name using a column alias like this:

SELECT first_name, last_name AS surname FROM customer;

This query assigned the surname as the alias of the last_name column:

Or you can make it shorter by removing the AS the keyword as follows:

SELECT first_name, last_name surname FROM customer;

2) Assigning a column alias to an expression example

The following query returns the full names of all customers. It constructs the full name by concatenating the first name, space, and the last name:

SELECT first_name || ' ' || last_name FROM customer;

Note that in PostgreSQL, you use the || as the concatenating operator that concatenates one or more strings into a single string.

To fix this, you can assign the expression first_name || ' ' || last_name a column alias e.g., full_name:As you can see clearly from the output, the heading of the column is not meaningful ?column? .

SELECT first_name || ' ' || last_name AS full_name FROM customer;

3) Column aliases that contain spaces

If a column alias contains one or more spaces, you need to surround it with double quotes like this:

column_name AS "column alias"

For example:

SELECT first_name || ' ' || last_name "full name" FROM customer;

Summary

  • Assign a column or an expression a column alias using the syntax column_name AS alias_name or expression AS alias_name.
  • The AS The keyword is optional.
  • Use double quotes (“) to surround a column alias that contains spaces.
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